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Cyanide Plants in South Kordofan State: Human Life is a Price for Gold Extraction

Introduction After South Sudan’s independence and the Sudanese government’s loss of oil revenues from the South, gold has become a major resource for the country’s budget, and as a result Sudan’s gold production has increased steadily. According to the Sudanese Geological Research Organization, in 2017 gold production reached 105 tons per year.[1] This volume of production […]

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Ports of Sudan: Privatization and Workers

Established in 1909, Port Sudan (the city is named after the port) is the largest and most vibrant seaport in Sudan. It also provides important access to the sea for neighboring land-locked countries like Ethiopia, Chad and South Sudan. It has seven sub-ports: The northern port: It is the main port for general goods, oils, […]

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Corruption and Nepotism of Integrated Agricultural Services Companies (IASCs) in the Gezira and Manaqil Scheme

The Gezira and Manaqil Scheme is one of Africa’s largest public irrigated agricultural schemes operating under one management. It was founded by the colonial authorities in 1925 as a contractual joint venture between the government, the Sudan Plantation Syndicate and farmers. The scheme occupies a total land area of 2.2 million feddan (one feddan equals […]

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Land conflicts in El Dali, Al Mazmum and Abu Houjar

The areas of El Dali, Al Mazmum and Abu Houjar, in the State of Sennar, have recently witnessed an escalation of land use and ownership conflict. The region in question occupies an area of 40,000 square kilometers and inhabited by 1.6 million people.  The conflict reached its peak during bloody clashes in November 2016 in […]

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Human Trafficking and Smuggling: The Context and the Implication of the Sudanese Government in the Crimes

February 7, 2016 Context Because of its long open borders with two of its neighbors – Ethiopia and Eritrea – and its strategic position in North Africa, Sudan has become a hub for human trafficking and smuggling. The phenomenon has flourished with the ever increasing number of refugees and the presence of organized criminal groups […]

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Cooking Gas in Sudan: Scarcity and Corruption

January 14, 2016 There has been a severe shortage of cooking gas in many Sudanese cities since the beginning of October 2015. In a press release, the Sudanese Ministry of Oil and Gas attributed the shortages to the maintenance of Al Jaili refinery, which covers about 80% of local gas consumption. Moreover, the press release […]

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Petty Corruption Stories from Sudan: The Electronic Financial Form (15): Corruption and the Efforts to Curb the Phenomenon

Introduction The introduction of the federal government system in Sudan in 2005 established three levels of government in the country: federal, state and local. The country’s financial revenues system was also divided in the same manner. Despite the restructuring of the country’s financial system, one financial instrument has remained unchanged at all levels: Financial Revenues […]

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Petty Corruption Stories from Sudan: Car Insurance Corruption

According to the Secretary General of the Insurance Companies’ Association (ICA), there are about 1500 types of insurance in Sudan. Of these, car insurance is the most prominent type due to the increase in the number of cars on the street and the strict regulations by traffic police. The increase in the number of people […]

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Petty Corruption Stories from Sudan: The Locally Brewed Alcohol (Araki) and Police corruption in Sudan

26th October 2015 Due to the Islamic-oriented laws adopted by the Sudan in 1983, the Sudanese Criminal Act 1991 provides for articles that prohibit production, possession and consumption of alcohol. The punishment provided for in this act includes imprisonment for a period not exceeding one year as well as a fine to be decided by […]

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Petty Corruption Stories from Sudan: Corruption at Football Matches

The Sudanese Football Association (SFA) is responsible for annually setting up the national Premier League games for 15 of the best football clubs in the country, each of which represent various local unions. The SFA is also responsible for organizing the Sudan Cup competition, in which all Sudanese football clubs from different levels compete. This […]